As early as 1746, a group of naval officers, physicians, constructors and engineers, all eminent scientists, gathered in Brest around Captain Bigot de Morogues to study together the technical and military issues of which their maritime experience had shown them the importance. On the proposal of Duhamel du Monceau, general inspector of the Navy and member of the Academy of Sciences, the secretary of the Navy Rouillé proposed in 1752 to King Louis XV the creation of a General Academy for all ports, raised in the Royal Academy in 1769 and affiliated with the Academy of Sciences in 1771.

Abolished by decree of the National Assembly with the other royal academies in 1793, the Académie royale de Marine, despite several attempts at re-enactment in the 19th century, was not restored until 1921 thanks in part to the action of a former minister of the Navy, Adolphe Landry who was its first president. The inaugural session was held at the Sorbonne, Richelieu Amphitheatre, on October 28, 1921, in the presence of the President of the Republic Alexandre Millerand, the Minister of the Navy, Gabriel Guist'Hau, and numerous personalities from the political and maritime worlds.

In 1926, the Académie de Marine became a national public institution. It is now under the tutelage of the Minister of the Armed Forces. In 2020, it received by decree the protection of the President of the Republic, like its counterparts at the Institut de France.

Throughout the academic year 2021-2022, the Académie de Marine will organize various events to celebrate the centenary of its re-foundation. These events will be public (on registration). All the information on this site.